NOTE. THIS ARTICLE WAS FIRST PUBLISHED APRIL 4, 2012. IT IS STILL APPROPRIATE
READERS SHOULD NOTE: OKLAHOMA AND TEXAS ARE DEFORESTED.
“TORNADO ALLEY” COULD BE ERASED WITH RE-FORESTATION!
AMERICANS DIED AS TORNADOES HIT TEXAS! WHY DID THIS HAPPEN?
The Northern Hemisphere has just experienced several storms, some rain and some snow, which resulted in numerous accidents and deaths. In the last decade, the weather in Europe and the U.S. has been outside of the norm. In addition, there have been more earthquakes than usual. But, most unusual of all, has been the increased velocity of winds.
The winds are increasing the number of dangerous events associated with the storms. In the south, rain storms have been moving so fast, that, frequently tornados are created by the fast moving thunder- storms.
WHY SUCH HIGH WINDS?
The Atmosphere is a series of mountains and valleys made of air molecules. The air at the surface of the Earth is heated by the sun, and becoming less dense, rises and falls on the air below it, forming the mountains. In addition, as the Earth rotates, the air as it is rising changes its location relative to the surface of the Earth.
These peaks and valleys can be easily measured by using an instrument called a Barometer, or pressure meter. When we find a mountain of air, we note that the pressure is High, relative to the rest of the atmosphere. At areas of valleys, the pressure is low.
Since the Earth’s gravity is constantly pulling all molecules towards the Earth’s center, the gas molecules of the Atmosphere are pulled down and twisted as they fall by the rotation of the Earth. The higher the mountain of air, and the heavier, or more dense the molecules, the greater the velocity of these molecules as they fall.
We call these moving air molecules WINDS. We can easily understand that if the pressure of the mountains of air is higher, relative to the valleys, the molecules will fall faster and the winds will be greater in terms of their speed.
WHAT MAKES HIGH PRESSURE?
The height and density of the air are the two parameters that determine the velocity. Both the height and the density is determined by the NUMBER of molecules in the atmosphere. The composition of those molecules are, according to Wikipedia:
The atmospheric composition on Earth is largely governed by the by-products of the very life that it sustains. Earth’s atmosphere contains roughly (by molar content/volume) 78.08% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, a variable amount (average around 0.247%, National Center for Atmospheric Research) water vapor, 0.93% argon, 0.038% carbon dioxide, and traces of hydrogen, helium, and other “noble” gases (and of volatile pollutants).
We can see that the quantity of these gases determine the pressure. The mountains of air are like mountains of sand. Put in more sand and the heavier the mountain. The two gasses that we are putting into the mountains in the last century is CO2 and Water Vapor.
Water Vapor is heavier than CO2 in the sense that there are more molecules of water vapor, as you can see from the Wikipedia list (.247 H2O and .038 CO2)
WHAT HAPPENS IF WE HEAT THE PLANET?
Approximately 71 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered by water in the form of oceans and seas. If we heat this water, no matter how slightly, it will start to evaporate. The water, in liquid form on the surface, turns into a gas form known as Water Vapor.
The new water vapor, heated by the sun, rises to add to the mountains of air, thereby increasing the pressure, and thereby increasing the wind velocity. We can see easily, that Global Warming will lead to high velocity winds by adding Water Vapor to the mountains of the atmosphere.
At one time in the history of our Planet, Earth, its surface was covered with trees.
From these trees came the seas of petroleum and layers of coal. There were so many trees that it is possible that so much CO2 was absorbed that the temperature of the Earth was reduced and the Ice Ages formed? But, then, mankind came along.
At first, men were few in number and they had no serious technology. People lived in the forest and used the forest for food and shelter. But as the number of mankind increased, and as their technology increased, they began to cut down the forest to make homes and plant grains, such as corn, wheat and rice.
This process of deforestation began to grow faster and faster, until in the last century most of the forest on the surface of the Earth is gone.
Forests were a brake on the winds. The trees broke up the swaths of rushing air on the surface, and through their force of friction, slowed down the winds. Now these forests are gone. The Earth’s surface is essentially bald. There is no friction from trees, and the winds move as fast at the atmospheric pressure can push them.
The surface temperature of the Planet is rising. More water is being evaporated from the oceans and being carried into the mountains of the atmosphere. This increases the pressure of the atmosphere. Air molecules move from high pressure to low pressure pulled by the gravity of the Earth and the rotation of the Earth. The forests on the surface of the Earth are gone.
The nude surface of the Earth cannot restrain the flow of air molecules known as Wind. Without the friction of the forests, the winds increase their speed. From this we see an increase in cyclones, hurricanes, tornados and wind storms.
Also, as the atmosphere moves, as glaciers melt and the Earth’s crust is shifted by the shifting weight of the atmosphere, we are seeing an increase in earth quakes. And we will see many Wild Fires as these winds whip sparks into the dry grass.